Hot Weather Protocol

Updated Wednesday December 23, 2015 by Cheryl Erickson.

         **NO OUTSIDE ACTIVITY IF THE HEAT INDEX IS ABOVE 105 DEGREES FAHRENHEIT**                               

                                      Hot Weather Hints for Athletic Conditioning 
Early fall athletic practice is frequently conducted in very warm and highly humid weather. Under such conditions, special precautions should be observed according to the committee on the Medical Aspects of Sports of the American Medical Association.  Otherwise, the athlete is subject to: 
1. Heat syncope: Fainting or near fainting following dizziness, usually while running or after a sudden change in position. Caused by a drop in blood pressure as the brain is deprived of oxygenated blood. 
2. Heat cramps: Tightening or spasms of active muscles, without loss of consciousness.  Caused by an electrolyte imbalance. 
3. Heat exhaustion: Dizziness, fatigue, nausea and vomiting, which may be accompanied by irrational behavior of belligerence and some muscle cramping.  Loss of consciousness may occur. 
4. Heat stroke (sun stroke): Acute medical emergency. Extremely high body core temperature 106-108qFahrenheit, no perspiration (hot, dry skin), disorientation, muscle twitching, convulsions, coma and possible death. 

Treatment:
For heat syncope, heat cramps and heat exhaustion, move victim to a cooler, shaded area, elevate feet (or lower head), loosen or remove clothing, offer fluids by mouth, and cool skin with wet compresses or a fan. Activate the emergency medical system (EMS) by dialing 911. 
For heat stroke, activate EMS. Oral fluid intake is not likely, but the other steps described above should be taken while waiting for the arrival of a rescue squad